The Greek philosopher and thinker Plato, in his book Republic, has called poetry an imitation of the original suffix. Like the carpenter, the great craftsman, makes the bed by imitating the original image created by God. The painter makes a picture by imitating this bed. The litterateur also makes the simulation made by the same carpenter the subject of his creations. In this way, art and poetry are at triple distance from truth. That is why he has not considered art and poetry as important.

Plato's Imitation Theory

Plato has said that poetry is an imitation of the world. Since the world itself is an imitation, poetry is twice as far from the truth. Poetry evokes emotions and makes a person misguided. Poetry is useless. The importance of a poet is less than that of a cobbler.

Plato accepts the importance of poetry to the extent that it helps in inculcating the feeling of truth and virtue in the citizens of the Republic. The criterion of art and literature for him was utilitarianism, not 'joy and beauty'. He says - "The dung basket is more beautiful than a useless shield which is gleaming gold." According to him, the importance of a poet or a painter is less than that of a cobbler or a carpenter, because he merely presents imitation.

The true form exists only in the supernatural world in the form of thought. Poetry is a false imitation of the false world. Thus he is twice as far from the truth. Poetry is imitation and completely useless, so it is not praiseworthy but punishable. Plato considers the importance of a doctor, soldier or administrator more important than that of a poet. He says that the poet also commits the crime of nurturing weakness and incest in the society by provoking the feelings and desires of the people with his creation. The poet gives pleasure from his poetry but inspires towards misconduct and wrongdoing. Therefore, he should be expelled from the state for good order in the state. He believed that the prestige of truth, justice and virtue in a society is possible only when the residents of that state, keeping control over the desires and emotions, behave according to conscience and policy.

He challenges Homer to ask whether poetry can cure someone. Can poetry win a war? Can a good governance system be established through poetry?

Despite being opposed to poetry, Plato has considered the poetry to be presented by highlighting the qualities of heroic men and the hymns of the gods as important and appropriate.

According to Dr. Ganapatichandra Gupta, Plato established a theory in the field of poetic epistemology by describing poetry as an imitation, which developed in the later era and became the basis of poetic review. Undoubtedly, Plato's theory of imitation is an important principle of Western poetry.

Post a Comment

Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box.

Previous Post Next Post